" 
 
()  
 
()  
-  
 
/  
 
 
 
 
    םירבח




e-learning




,
. ,
,
,
, ,
.
,
.


, , . /
. ,

,
, .
,

. /


(1983) Keller "
" , : ,
, :
Keller .
.

,
,(extrinsically) (intrinsic) ,
. ( )
,(intrinsic)

(1990) Ames .

( )
, .
. ,


-


,
Moore and .30%-50%
(1996)Kearsley
.


?


. ,
,
. ,
.

,
. , . :
. . ,


. ,

,

.
) ( )
" ,(
.(/ ,"

, ,
, ,

.

:

, , ,
. ,



,
. ,
 


/ ,
. ,
 



. ,
 



.
 


) ,
.(' ,
 





. "
 


,
. , ,
 


,
. / , .
 





. /


, ,(The Unmotivated instructor)

. ,
/
. ,

(1998) Chickering and Ehrmann

.

( )


.
:

.


Task) .
,(Mastery
.
Maehr and )
,(1986) Brophy .(Midgley, 1991
, ,Attribution Retraining
.
.
,
.


(What Works) ?

" (Robyler ,M.D)
:
, ,( )
./
:
.


.
,/
.



:

)
(
 


)
(
 


)
.(
 




( - )

. (Moore and Kearsley, 1996)
 



,

.
 



.  


.( )
 


.  


.
 


)
, (
.( )
 



:
, (2000) Reinhart
,
.
 




,
Reinhart ,
,
.


WEBQUEST


, ,WEBQUEST
. , , ,

WEBQUEST - " (1998) Chen, G.
, ,'
.

) , ,
(


:

E-Learning
(1999) Garner .
/
( , , ,)
.
)
: .(Non-Writers
.

(Kids as Global Scientists) KGS

.
Mistler-Jackson and Songer
(2000)
.



,

, " , .
.
, ,

, .
,
.



Ames, Carole, a. Motivation: what teachers need to know, Teachers College Record, Spring
1990 (vol. ,91 no. 3) , pp. 409-421.

Armstrong, M. Toebe, D. & Watson, m. (1985). Strengthening the instructional role in
self-directed learning activities , Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing , 16 (3) , pp. 75-84.

Brophy , Jere. On motivating students,Occasional Paper no. 101, East Lansing. Michigan State
University, October .1986 ERIC report AD 276724.

Chen, Guo-Dong, et al . Promoting motivation and eliminating disorientation for web based
courses by a multi-user game. In ED-MEDIA/ED - TELECOM 98 WORLD CONFERENCE on
educational multimedia and hypermedia proceeding (10th, Freiburg, Germany, June 20-25, 1998).

Chickering , A and Ehrman, S. (1998) Implementing the seven principles: technology as a lever,
http://www.tltgroup.org/programs/seven.html

Cornell, Richard and Martin, Barbara , l. (1997) The role of motivation in web-based instruction,
in Khan, Badrul, H (ed.), Web-based Instruction , Englewood cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology
Publications, pp. 93-100.

Garner, Ruth and Gillingham, Mark, G. New voices: the internet communication of high school
kids who (usually) wont write, High School Journal, Feb-March, 1999 (vol. ,82 no. 3), pp.
172-181.

Keller, J.M . (1983). Motivational design of instruction, in C.M. Reiguluth (ed), Instructional
design theories and Models: An Overview of their Current status (pp. 386-434). Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Earlbaum associates.

Leper, Mark , R. Motivational considerations in the study of instruction, Cognition and
Instruction, 1988 (vol. 5), pp. 289-309.

Martin, B.M. & Briggs, L..J (1986). The affective and cognitive domains: integration for
instruction and research, Englewood cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

Moore, M. G. & Kearsley, G. (1996) Distance education: a systems view, Belmont, CA:
Wadsworth.

Mistler-Jackson, Megan .& Songer, Nancy, Butler. Student motivation and internet technology:
are students empowered to learn science?, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, May 2000
(vol. ,37 no. 5) , May ,2000 pp. 459-479.

Reinhart, July Marie. Student motivation, self efficacy and task difficulty in web-based
instruction, PH.D thesis, Indiana University, 2000.

Robyler ,M.D. Is choice important in distance learning? A study of student motives for taking
internet-based courses at the high-school and community college level, Journal of Research in
Computing in Education, Fall ,1999 Vol, ,32 No. ,1 pp. 157-171.




  2003 "  ©
2